Physical & Geographical Aspects


Location, Accessibility Area

The City of Batangas is a coastal city lying in a cove-like shape at the south-eastern portion of Batangas Provinceand geographically situated at coordinates 13 degrees, 45 minutes and 25.96 seconds north latitude and 121 degrees, 3 minutes and 29.2 seconds east longitude. It is bounded on the northwest by the municipality of San Pascual; on the north by the municipality of San Jose; on the east by the municipalities of Ibaan, Taysan and Lobo; and on the south by the Batangas Bay.

Batangas City, the capital of Batangas Province has a total land area of more or less 28,541.44 hectares. It is about 112.00 kilometres away from Manila and has a travel time of approximately two (2) hours through the Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR).


Batangas City has a rolling terrain that ranges from 0% to 30% in slope. Its highest point is Mount Banoy in Barangay Talumpok Silangan which is 968 meters above sea level and about 13.50 kilometers east of the Poblacion. The city‟s coastal Barangays starting from Sta. Rita Aplaya from the north down to Ambulong on the south are nearly level at 0% to 3%.

In the east beyond the barangays of Mabacong, Simlong and Pinamucan Ibaba, the slope rises from 8% to 30%. The Matuco Point at the southwest tip of the city along the Batangas Bay has a slope of 30%. To the immediate south is Verde Island composed of six (6) barangays which is mountainous and with a slope ranging from 3% to 30%.

Slope and Land Area Percentage Distribution.

0% – 3% 6,578.80 23.05%
4% – 8% 10,902.83 38.20%
9% – 15% 3,462.08 12.13%
16% – 30% 7,166.79 25.11%
31% – over 328.23 1.15%
Swamps & Fishpond 102.74 0.36%
TOTAL 28,541.44 100.00%

Climate Condition

Batangas City is generally coolest during the months of December to January with temperature ranging from 22ºC to 26ºC. The mean temperature rises and attains a maximum of 36 degrees Celsius (36ºC) in May. The month of October marks the steady fall of temperature.

The driest months in Batangas City are from January to April, with the average monthly rainfall of less than 50 mm per month. The northeast monsoon “amihan” prevails starting the months of November up to April. Although originally moist, it becomes comparatively drier after crossing the Sierra Madre Range to the north and east of Batangas, thus attributing for predominantly dry weather during this period. By May to the later part of October, the situation is reversed. The southwest monsoon “habagat” prevails bringing with it considerable rain. A pronounced maximum rain period occurs in Batangas during the months of June, July, August and September when southwest monsoon flow is steadiest and the average monthly rainfall is 275 mm per month. By the end of October, the northeast monsoon starts to set again. However, the months from October to December are not characterized by dry weather as compared to the months from January to April. This is partly due to the fact that typhoons and depressions most frequently affect the city during the months from July to December.


Soil Types and Location

There are seven (7) types of soil that composed the land area of Batangas City.

Their types, location and agricultural potentials are as follows:


 Type of Soil : Taal Sandy Loam
 Location : Sta. Rita Karsada, Sta. Rita Aplaya, Sta.
Clara and Cuta
 Agricultural Potentials : corn, citrus, sugar cane, fruit trees


 Type of Soil : Hydrosoil
 Location : Calicanto and Wawa
 Agricultural Potentials : saltbeds and fishponds


 Type of Soil : Calumpang Clay Loam
 Location : Libjo, Poblacion and Pallocan
 Agricultural Potentials : Sugar Cane


 Type of Soil : Ibaan Clay Loam
 Location : Pinamucan, Mahabang Dahilig, Malalim,
Sirang Lupa, Conde, Talumpok
Kanluran/Silangan, Sto. Niño, Tulo,
 Agricultural Potentials : sugar cane, upland crops, rice and


 Type of Soil : Ibaan Loam
 Location : Balete, Concepcion, Bucal, Mahabang
Parang, Sorosoro, Tingga, Banaba,
Balagtas, Alangilan, Bolbok, Kumintang,
San Pedro, Dumantay, Dalig, Gulod,
Sampaga, San Isidro, Ambulong and
Tabangao Aplaya
 Agricultural Potentials : sugar cane, upland rice, corn,
vegetables, coffee and bananas


 Type of Soil : Ibaan Loam (Gravely Phase)
 Location : Talumpok Kanluran/Silangan, Conde,
San Miguel, Sto. Niño, Tabangao Dao,
Haligue, Talahib Payapa, Talahib
Pandayan, Mabacong, Ilijan and Dela
 Agricultural Potentials : coconut, atis, cacao and coffee


 Type of Soil : Sibul
 Location : Isla Verde
 Agricultural Potentials : rice, peanuts, tomatoes and

Mineral Resources

Several mineral resources can be found in the city and some of the deposits have not yet been extracted. Traces of metallic mineral like gold and non-metallic mineral like gypsum are being detected in the mountainous area of barangays Sto. Domingo and Cumba respectively. Salt beds originally existed abundantly in barangays Sta. Clara and Malitam but rapid urbanization and the expansion/development of the Batangas Port likewise resulted to the end of this industry.


The forest resources of Batangas City are not in commercial quantity except for bamboo which are in demand for use in the construction of fish pens. Marginal forest lands can be found mostly in the barangays of Talumpok Silangan (where Mt. Banoy is located), Talahib Payapa, Sto. Domingo, Cumba and along the boundary line with the municipality of Lobo.


Land Use

The land use of the city has considerably changed from 1946 to 1981 from a major agricultural use to a rapidly developing major urban center and from 1981 up to the present to a major urban commercial and industrial center.

 Primary Urban (Res./Comm’l.) 625.72 2.26
 Secondary Urban Core
1,755.35 6.35
 Gen. Dev’t. Area (Res./Comm’l./Light
4,105.72 14.86
 Socialized Housing Area 446.42 1.62
 Industrial Area 2,328.56 8.43
 Port Area 401.46 1.45
 Ecological Development Area 10,958.72 39.66
      Forest Area (389.86) (1.41)
      Agroforestry (5,057.65) (18.30)
      Watershed (4,301.32) (15.57)
      Tourism (1,209.89) (4.38)
 Agricultural Development Area 5,584.37 20.21
 Strategic Agriculture & Fisheries
    Development Area 1,354.81 4.90
         Strategic Crops & Livestock (1,281.42) (4.64)
         Integrated Development Area
         Strategic Fisheries Dev’t. Area (73.39) (0.26)
 Special Use Area (Sanitary Landfill) 72.13 0.26
TOTAL 27,633.26 100.00

SOURCE: Zoning Division, OCPDC, Batangas City

Water Resources

Batangas City is traversed by several streams that converge at the Calumpang River which in turn flows into the Batangas Bay. Calumpang River is a perennial body of water with a catchment area of approximately 472.00 square kilometers. The river forms the southeastern boundary of the Poblacion and it flows into the Batangas Bay at a point approximately two kilometers south of Batangas Port.

There are several springs in Batangas City that have sufficient volume of discharge to suffice the needs of nearby residents for their water supply requirements. These can be found in barangays Talumpok Kanluran & Silangan, Cumba, Sto. Domingo, Talahib Pandayan, Talahib Payapa, Ilijan, Malibayo, Bilogo, Haligue Kanluran, Haligue Silangan, Maruclap and Conde Itaas.